Câu chuyện giáo dục

Stress vì học hành và đã có lúc từng nghĩ tới cái chết

Nguyễn Nhã Kha Minh (21 tuổi, TP HCM) từng sang Tây Ban Nha học theo diện trao đổi sinh viên với Đại học UCAM. Từng stress do khác biệt ngôn ngữ, văn hóa với cộng đồng nơi mình du học, Minh chia sẻ kinh nghiệm vượt qua.

Ngôn ngữ là rào cản đầu tiên

Thành phố Murcia có ít người Việt, tôi cũng không phải là người giỏi xây dựng các mối quan hệ mới nên gặp áp lực và khó khăn lớn để thích ứng môi trường sống mới, với những người dân địa phương hạn chế biết tiếng Anh.

Trước khi sang Tây Ban Nha, tôi được biết không phải người dân châu Âu nào cũng biết nói và nói tốt tiếng Anh. Nhưng tôi nghĩ ít nhất họ cũng giao tiếp thông thường bằng tiếng Anh được. Ông chủ nhà nơi tôi thuê phòng ở cũng là một trong số đó. Tôi đã phải nhờ một du học sinh Việt Nam biết tiếng Tây Ban Nha để phiên dịch cho hai bên. Việc giao tiếp hàng ngày với người dân thành phố khi đi siêu thị, chợ phiên, hay trên tàu điện là gần như bất khả thi. Những người tôi giao tiếp nhiều nhất khi đó là sinh viên sống cùng căn hộ mà tôi thuê phòng.

Stress vì học hành và đã có lúc từng nghĩ tới cái chết 1
Vượt qua áp lực để tiến tới thành công

Tôi hiểu rằng phải giải quyết vấn đề rào cản ngôn ngữ. Tôi chủ động đăng ký học một khóa tiếng Tây Ban Nha. Việc học ngôn ngữ mới khá dễ dàng vì tôi có nền tảng tiếng Anh vững và khả năng học ngôn ngữ khá tốt. Tôi vẫn nhớ cảm giác lần đầu mua đồ ở chợ phiên mỗi tuần bằng thứ tiếng của họ, dù chỉ bằng những câu giao tiếp đơn giản, đó như là một thành công đáng nhớ đối với tôi. Những cuộc trò chuyện với người bạn đã sống 2 năm ở Tây Ban Nha giúp tôi được luyện tập ngôn ngữ và hiểu hơn về văn hóa của xứ sở bò tót. Dần dần, tôi cảm thấy hòa nhập hơn vào cuộc sống ở Murcia.

Tôi thấy may mắn vì mình đi trao đổi du học sau khi được tiếp xúc với nhiều bạn bè là du học sinh, nhận thức được sự khác biệt giữa các nền văn hóa nhờ vào ngành học đặc thù. Những điều đó đã giúp tôi “giảm sốc” và nhanh chóng vượt qua áp lực khi sang học tại Tây Ban Nha. Không ít du học sinh khác, từ các rào cản về ngôn ngữ, văn hóa này đã tích tụ thành bệnh tâm lý như trầm cảm

Nét văn hóa đặc trưng của từng quốc gia

Qua 3 năm học đại học ngành Quan hệ Quốc tế, tôi được trang bị kiến thức về sự đa dạng văn hóa cũng như tinh thần tôn trọng sự khác biệt. Ban đầu, tôi nghĩ không quá khó để thích ứng với nền văn hóa Tây Ban Nha, nhưng có những tình huống khác biệt văn hóa khiến tôi không ngờ tới. Lúc ấy, tôi mới nhận ra mình còn thiếu khả năng giải quyết các vấn đề này.

Stress vì học hành và đã có lúc từng nghĩ tới cái chết 2
Từ khác biệt văn hóa đến thói quen ăn uống là rào cản lớn nhất đối với du học sinh

“Tôi cảm thấy thật may mắn khi không phải ăn giò heo như các bạn”, Tôi vẫn nhớ cảm giác ngỡ ngàng khi người bạn Hà Lan sống ở phòng kế bên ngạc nhiên và bình phẩm khi thấy người chị Việt Nam sống cùng căn hộ nấu canh giò heo. Câu nói ấy là một ví dụ rõ rệt của khác biệt văn hóa phương Đông và phương Tây, cũng như sự vô tâm của người bạn Hà Lan khi không biết tôn trọng những giá trị văn hóa khác biệt. Đáng lẽ khi ấy tôi nên có phản ứng khác tốt hơn như mời bạn ăn món canh ấy và các món đặc trưng Việt Nam khác cùng lời giải thích về sự khác biệt văn hóa. Nhưng tôi đã chỉ im lặng cười trừ vì quá ngạc nhiên trước câu nói của bạn.

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